Discussion Paper in View of December Summit
Kangaroo Group has elaborated a discussion paper in view of the
European Summit in December. Karl von Wogau Secretary General of the
Kangaroo Group explained that this paper only contains projects which
have a chance to be accepted by the Heads of State and Government at
this meeting. You will find enclosed the wording of the paper.
Group Discussion Paper for the December Defence Summit
spending in Security and Defence through more Cooperation
December 2013 the heads of state and government will meet for the
first time since 2008 to discuss defence and security issues. This
European Council has the aim of making specific progress towards a
more common defence policy as foreseen by the Lisbon Treaty.
these aspirations for common defence and considering the success of
the Internal Market, the Kangaroo Group calls on the heads of state
and government to launch,
as part of a sustained endeavour, common specific and realistic
projects in the field of capabilities.
events have shown that the EU and the member states still do not have
at their disposal key capabilities necessary to achieve the goals of
the European Security Strategy. Main deficits concern intelligence,
navigation, protected telecommunications and transport. Space
surveillance, high resolution imagery systems, next generation
satellite communications, UAVs, strategic airlift and hospital ships
are but a few examples. Shortfalls are often the same for civilian
purposes and military missions.
programmes in areas such as internal and border security, disaster
management, space, research a significant prospect of jointly
developing capabilities relevant for security and the CSDP.
a first step, this process should lead to a better
synchronisation of national procurement, harmonisation of
requirements and pooling and sharing
which in turn will result in less duplication in capabilities, more
specialisation and more efficient spending.
process should, furthermore, lead to consolidation
and common procurement. Member States should also recognise the need
and commit themselves to make all the necessary steps to achieve this
objective by 2020, i.e. funded under the next MFF. These steps
include a sound analysis of needs and means, the strengthening of
EDA, OCCAR and EEAS and possibly even a revision of the relevant
the Kangaroo Group considers the European Council should not miss the
opportunity to agree on the following projects:
Any attempt to develop capabilities and strengthen the European
Industrial and Technological Base will inevitably fail if it is not
based on a renewed assessment of European strategic interests, and
the way to protect them from current and unforeseen risks and
threats. Hence, the European Council should launch a process
This process should not be conducted behind closed doors. Questions
like the definition of European interests, the contribution of CSDP
to the collective defence in NATO, the stabilisation of Europe’s
neighbourhood, and to the global collective security, or even the
legitimacy of the use of force call for a wide
public debate, involving the European Parliament, national
parliaments and civil society.
on this debate, the Vice-President/High Representative shallthen
draft a White
the gap between EU's strategic ambitions and the urgently needed
European Council should adopt this white paper and set up a revision
process every five years.
Furthermore, in order to assess implementation of the decisions to be
taken in December 2013 and to be able to take new initiatives on
defence and security matters, the
European Council should decide to dedicate one meeting every year to
Internal Market. The
directives of the European Parliament and the Council on defence and
security procurement and on intracommunity transfers of
defence-related goods opened the common market to defence products in
improve the quality, deliver cheaper products and enhance the
competitiveness of our European Industry.
European Commission and the Member States should confirm their
commitment to extend the rules of the Internal Market to the field of
security and defence while recognising the specific strategic nature
of the defence and security industry. Member
states must fully apply the two directives of 2009, opening up their
markets to EU-wide competition, putting an end to unfair and market
distorting practices, and making maximum use of possibilities of the
new regime for intra-EU transfers.At
a later stage, the scheduled revision of the directive on intra-EU
transfers of defence related products should be used to simplify the
current system of licences.
Common technical standards can lead to economies
of scale and improve the global competitiveness of our European
We, therefore, support as an example the Software Defined Radio (SDR)
project of a common technical standard for protected
telecommunications. This will facilitate communications between blue
light services, police and armed forces in the fight against natural
disasters, crime or terrorist attacks. However, the success of this
project could be jeopardised if different versions of this standard
are elaborated. This has to be avoided. The European Commission and
the European Defence Agency should take the initiative further and
set more European standards in other defence and security fields.
At this time, much unnecessary duplication is caused by the fact that
new products have to be certified in every of the 27 Member States.
This causes additional
costs of up to twenty percent of the respective products.
We need a common European certification procedure based on the mutual
recognition of certificates and in the future on the development of
common standards. The heads of states and governments should launch
the work on a common procedure of certification on security and
defence goods at the European level.
As the European Union will have € 70 billion for its research
framework programme Horizon 2020 during the period 2014-2020, the
European Commission and the Member States supported by the European
Defence Agency should develop common research projects supporting the
equipment for civilian and military CSDP missions. Financing CSDP
related research from the Horizon 2020 budget is the only way to
guarantee a long term impact. The Kangaroo Group calls on the
European Commission, the European Parliament and the Council of
Ministers to use
the potential of the Horizon 2020 security research programme in
order to foster synergies between civilian and military research.
it is necessary to integrate defense requirements from the beginning
into research projects and to set
up a Preparatory Action for CSDP related research, focusing on areas
where EU defence capabilities are most needed.
Navigation and space situational awareness. With
the EU financed Galileo and Copernicus projects the EU became a
prominent European space actor. For reasons of European strategic
autonomy, it is necessary that the Member States take advantage of
the public regulated signal (PRS) and put Galileo at the centre of
European navigation procedures serving both civilian and military
actors in the field of CSDP. As the Galileo project already is a
joint European project and against the background of the limited
national capabilities in space observation, it is necessary to use
civilian and military synergies to protect European satellites
from space debris. For this endeavour the Member States, the European
Space Agency and the European Commission should pool their financial
resources and find a coherent governance structure.
While all future conflict scenarios call for a high
level of deployability and in-theatre mobility as the most important
enabling capabilities, European armed forces still widely lack this
Sophisticated airlift assets, in particular, offer huge potential for
civil-military synergies as they can be used over the whole spectrum
of CSDP missions. The European Air Transport Command (EATC) is a good
example of what can be achieved at European level. Nevertheless,
without a further, concerted European effort, the dependence on
American, Ukrainian and Russian capabilities will not be alleviated.
We, therefore, call on the European Council to envisage a specific
project to satisfy the European need for heavy transport helicopters