In its New Strategic Concept NATO recognizes the importance of a closer
cooperation with the European Union and of a stronger and more capable European
defence. It welcomes the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty as a framework
for strengthening the capacities of the European Union to address common
This is a very positive development taking into account the originally
very critical attitude of the United
States towards the development of the European
Security and Defence Policy. The European Union should now respond by enhancing
its complementarities with NATO.
During the last decade, the European Union has developed its
capabilities of analysis, prevention, civilian and military crisis management
and of post- conflict reconstruction. More than twenty civilian and military
operations have been conducted using the newly developed structures of the
European Union. These structures are unique in their combination of civilian
and military capabilities.
The European Union has now to strengthen these capabilities in
partnership with NATO. Due to the budgetary restraints in all the Member
States, this will only be possible by better spending of the available budgets
and by avoiding unnecessary duplications. This will mean more cooperation in
Security Research and Development, standardization, certification, logistics
and training as well as pooling of resources between Member States.
It also means that the application of the rules of the European Single
Market has to be strengthened. What we need is a European Home Market for
Security and Defence. The recent legislation of the European Union concerning
defence procurement and intracommunity transfer are first steps in this
With regard to the new approach to missile defence, Europe
has to insist that its common security interests and its industrial
capabilities in this field are taken into consideration and reflected in the
structures of command. More cooperation in this field will also be a test for
the new partnership with Russia.